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Vedic Astrology: Research studies by

K.N. Rao & students

As we mentioned on the Friends page, K.N. Rao is nearly unique in his interest & ability to gather astrologers together. Here are the numerous collections of study papers he & his associates have produced:

See also
Books by students of K.N. Rao, page 1
Books by students of K.N. Rao, page 2
Books by students of K.N. Rao, page 3

Books by K.N. Rao himself.

ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF ASTROLOGICAL PREDICTIONS, a collection of essays - edited by K.N. Rao, $20.00
Preface; About the contributors; Introduction, by K.N. Rao;
  • Evolution of Cosmology, by R.N. Vashistha;
  • Education for a career & the tension of parents, by M.N. Kedar;
  • Service or self-employment? Test the thumb-rules, by S.N. Kapoor;
  • Profession & planetary influences, by R.C. Sharma;
  • Career prospects & ashtakavarga applied to vimshottari dasha, by P.C. Verma;
  • Authors & journalists: an astrological enquiry, by Col. A.K. Gour;
  • Successful Indian women in different fields, by Kusum Sharma;
  • Tajik shastra & marriage timing of event, by Dr. R.K. Wishwakarma;
  • Role of dashas in marital discord, by Shiv Raj Sharma;
  • Marital disharmony, by Shunny Nigam;
  • Jaimini astrology & general elections in India, by Y.K. Bansal 'Yogi';
  • Kaal Sarpa Yoga, part 1, by Z. Ansari;
  • Disease, its onset & outcome, by Dr. K.S. Charak;
  • Prasthar-ashtakavarga system of prediction with accurate time period, by Dr. D.K. Aggarwal;
  • Mystic trio in astrology, by B.P. Malviya;
  • Role of darakaraka in vimshottari dashas, by Supriya Jagdish.
Comment: An excellent collection of essays. The book has an interesting history. First published in 1991, with a second edition in 1994, K.N. Rao withdrew the book thereafter. This was in the face of numerous requests for a reprint. Suddenly a new printing appeared, but without Rao's name on the front, or the title page. Copyright is now with "Sansthan", or so the book claims. This is a pirate edition, which seems not unknown in India. In the first chapter of Saadhe-Saati (see below), Rao writes, In 1991, single handed I guided, even rewrote many papers & produced Advanced Techniques of Astrological Prediction which has now come out in the market with my name omitted as its editor. Again I excuse them & wish them well. Our sympathies to Mr. Rao.

Bharatiya Prachya Evam Sanatan Vigyan Sansthan, 243 pages.

  • Saturn-Ketu conjunctions: India & the world, by K.N. Rao;
  • Entry of Venus in Gemini - a trying time for the government in India, by M.S. Mehta;
  • Saturn sorrow & splendour - a Pauranic view, by Dr. (Mrs.) Lalitha Kussuswamy;
  • Upgrahas & mental maladies, by E.S. Issac;
  • Don't be afraid of Mrityubhaga, part 1, by Meenakshi Raui;
  • The American prince dies (JFK junior), by K.N. Rao;
  • Composite approach to predictions & use of Mrityubhaga part 2, by K.N. Rao;
  • Composite approach to predictions & use of Mrityubhaga part 3, by K.N. Rao;
  • Mrityubhaga part 4, by Meenakshi Raui;
  • Ketu in the 5th & the 9th houses part 1, by Shiv Raj Sharma;
  • Ketu in the 5th & the 9th houses part 2, by Shiv Raj Sharma;
  • Mars Saturn combinations & Kshatriya personality, by Rajesh Chandra Dadwai;
  • Astro Sketch of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, by Deepak Bisariya.
Comment: Another excellent, very readable series of essays, each with many example charts. To cover a few points: The term, Mrityubhaga, comes from Prasna Marga. Mrityu means dead or death, bhaga is female or female organ, but the word seems to refer to a particularly nasty degree area. In these articles, Rao works extensively with it, but does not define it, a pity. Kshatriyas are the warrior class. The Indian system of 4 classes & "untouchables" is universal in the world. The article traces the Kshatriya class through four generations of charts of the same family. At the end is a newspaper report on a study of 250 people from India, a mitochondrial DNA study that showed men have no caste mobility whatever, and that women have a little bit. The determination of caste by astrological means is of interest.

Vani Publications, 266 pages.

Acknowledgements; Contributors to this volume; Preface;
  • 15 Prime Ministers of India, their rise & fall, by K.N. Rao;
  • Owning a home, by M.S. Mehta;
  • Third lord miracle Baba, by Harjeet Singh;
  • Success through self-efforts, by S. Ganesh;
  • Rahu in the 3rd house, a group research;
  • Rahu in the 11th house - macro study, by Manoj Pathak;
  • Moon in the 8th house, by Padma Raghaven;
  • Mars in the 8th house, by Deepak Bisaria;
  • An insight into dreams with special reference to Agni & Brahma Vaivarta Puranas, by Lalita Kuppuswamy.
Comment: An excellent book of original research, with many example charts. The first article is a mundane look at Indian PM's, including how eclipses determined their fates, the second article is the astrology of owning a home, the third is on how the 3rd house lord helps one rise, continued in the 4th essay: Can you make it on your own? The brief article on dreams is full of interesting ideas. Dreams are 9th house in western astrology, but 12th in Hindu. They are divided into many categories.

Vani Publications, 226 pages.

SAADHE SAATI, A balanced view.... - K.N. Rao, $19.00
  • Importance of group researches, by K.N. Rao;
  • Are you afraid of Saadhe Saati?, by K.N. Rao;
  • Saturn's transit, by A. Radhika;
  • Case 1 - "Saadhe-Saati", by Dr. Pushap Lata Sharma;
  • Case 4 - "Saadhe-Saati", by Col. L.L. Yadav;
  • Jupiter in the 4th house, Saturn in the 5th house, Moon in the 8th house & the Saadhe-Saati, by Prathap Menon;
  • Saturn's transit, by Prathap Menon;
  • A tale of 4 Saadhe-Saatis, by Dr. (Mrs.) S. Rama Mishra;
  • Saadhe-Saati, by A.K. Avasthi;
  • Is Saadhe-Saati always bad?, by A.K. Kalhan;
  • Studies in Saadhe-Saati, by Naval Singh;
  • The three cycles of Saadhe-Saati case studies, by Mrs. Satyamma Bharadwaja;
  • A study of Saadhe-Saati, is it good or bad? The person survived bomb-blast during Saadhe-Saati, by R.K. Jain;
  • Saadhe-Saati, by Ravi Gupta;
  • [there follows 5 additional chapters in Hindi, with no translation].
Comment: Saadhe-Saati is that evil time when transiting Saturn passes through the sign before the natal moon sign, transits over the moon, and then passes through the sign following. It is traditionally associated with death & dread. Is this true, in all cases? Rao challenged his best students to find out, their work is presented here. On the back cover are these guidelines: Examine first the promised results of maha, antar & pratyantara dashas & then see the results of Saadhe-Saati. Examine the transit of Saturn on Sarvastakavarga, which is abbreviated SAV.

This book is from 1999. Rao seems to be less stressed than he was in earlier years. In his introductory notes he is writing less about himself & more about the travails of his associates. At the end of his story about the quest for worthy research students (not an unknown problem for professors everywhere), he concludes with It is with that hope that students should start working to create a great tradition of astrological excellence combined with a technically sound methodology & high morality. I am now in a mood to retire. If the students continue to produce such books my mission will be complete.

Vani Publications, 156 pages.

DELAYED MARRIAGE OF GIRLS - Dr. (Mrs.) Sarla Prasad, Dr. (Mrs.) Shri Rama Mishra, Mrs. Shalini Dhasmana, Mrs. Draupadi Rai. Guidance: K.N. Rao, $12.00
Contents: Acknowledgment; Preface;

Late & delay in marriage
Explaining the research

Examples by Dr. (Mrs.) Shri Rama Mishra
Examples by Mrs. Draupadi Rai
Examples by Dr. (Mrs.) Saria Prasad
Examples by Mrs. Shalini Dhasmana

Special points - Moon-Venus combinations
Common parameters
Summary of case studies

Appendix 1: Gender battle is joined
Appendix 2: Observations

Comment: This book will tell you why a woman, living in India, may have a delayed marriage, and give both the astrological as well as social reasons. I can tell you a little bit about why the marriage of Indians living in America is often delayed.

Back in the early 1990's, I was a factotum to a well-placed Indian who worked at the United Nations. As a hobby he photographed high society Indian weddings in the New York area. As a father, he had two marriagable daughters, as well as a marriagable son. I helped him to arrange the marriages for two of them (still a common practice, and not necessarily a bad one, as I learned first-hand). I became familiar with the matrimonials in the back of India Abroad and have seen my share of biodatas.

Indians who live in the US largely have no local roots to draw upon for matrimonial purposes, hence the importance of the small ads in India Abroad. Parents want the best for their children, so they often insist their sons have college degrees before they will find them a wife. As you might expect, inflated expectations set in, so that a mere college degree was no longer enough. A Bachelor's degree begat a Master's, which ultimately became an obligatory Ph.D., often in medicine or engineering. Even this was often not enough. Marital candidates who want first pick of eligible brides are expected to have their careers well-underway, with house & car.

Similar inflated expectations have been imposed on would-be brides as well. Parents routinely train them to be doctors or lawyers or dentists. (My friend trained one of his daughters as a dentist, the other as a doctor.) The purpose of this training is to establish their bona-fides, not make a career. The women are expected to give up career upon marriage, which is arranged immediately upon graduation.

All of this nonsense delays marriage to the late 20's or early 30's, with some as late as the early 40's. The result is to fortify the two existing families (the bride's & the groom's) at the expense of the new family (bride & groom) the parents are so desperately trying to produce. If these weak marriages go bad, the resulting divorces can be ugly beyond anything you can imagine, as they pit family against family, father-of-the-bride against father-of-the-groom. This I have also seen.

As is well-known, a man's marriage can be delayed almost indefinitely. Indeed, I think men profit by growing out of their boyish exuberance. Women are not the same. If the goal of marriage is to create children, a woman's best childbearing years are in her late teens. After the age of 30, bearing one's first child is no longer such an easy thing. Hence, delayed marriage of girls is a serious social problem. This book tackles this problem, astrologically, from the point of view of the woman herself. I rather wish the authors had included the parents as well, as the parents are often the underlying cause of the problem.

Each of the chapters in this book are given both in English, and in Hindi. So in this 80 page book, there is about 40 pages of English. The translator(s) is not given. There are 25 case studies in the book, the results are tabulated in a Summary in the back.

Vani Publications, 80 pages.

SINGLE WOMEN AND ASTROLOGY - Prasad, Mishra, Dhasmana, Rai, $15.00


Examples by K.N. Rao

Some famous cases
Contrasting instances

Single woman, some observations, by Dr. (Mrs.) Shrirama Mishra

Examples by Shalini Dhasmana
An observation

Examples by Dr. Sarla Prasad

Single women & eighth house
Examples by Draupadi Rai

Summary of case studies & results

Comment: This is a continuation of their first book, Delayed Marriage of Girls (above). Here, ths issue is not a delayed marriage, but none at all. This is a study of single women who do not marry and remain childless up to the onset of menopause. The Preface defines this as,

We must define what we mean by single women. A woman who has remained single til the age of 45 after which her life as a housewife or even as a mother, even if she does get married and becomes a mother through modern costly medical interventions or through adoption, is not the normal life of a woman as we have known traditionally all through the ages.

A girl getting married very early and becoming a mother after her puberty was a known fact seven or eight decades ago almost all over India. Gradually, as literacy levels of women in India increased, the age of marriage also increased from say fifteen to eighteen and now to twenty-eight or upwards.

We do come across instances of single women these days more than some generations ago. When if a woman born in the forties of the last century remained single in India, it was for some special family reasons and could not be attributed to any social change.

Therefore we must clearly see that the case of single women in earlier decades was due to some family reasons or even personal reasons, which could be physical handicap even. But due to sharp social changes, we come across cases of women who are healthy, who could be married and might have become mothers but they remained single.

For us astrologers, the case of single women is both a challenge and a very original research.

A folksy way of putting it. Each of the studies in this book is presented twice. First in English, and then in Hindi. For those of you learning the language, these could be useful exercises, in addition to their astrological value.

Vani Publications, 156 pages.

ASTROLOGY & TIMING OF MARRIAGE - Guidance: K.N. Rao, $20.00



1. Introduction
2. Parameters - timing of marriage
3. Case studies
4. Additional cases
5. Conditional dasha
6. Observations

Comment: On the cover it says, A group research based on over 200 charts with Navamsha, two dashas and transit of planets by research students of January 2008 batch.

On the cover, the students of the English section are given as, Alok Verma, Ashwini Baqaya, B. Shobha, Harsh Kumar, Meenakshi Priyadarshini, Rajesh Raj, and Shella Seth.

The students of the Hindi section are given as, Anuj Gupta, G.K. Joshi, Kalpana Sablok, Sunita Sharma, Sateyandra Bisht, Rama Gupta, and Rishi Kapoor.

This gives the impression there would be some articles in English, and others in Hindi, depending on the language of the author. This is not the case. Each article is given twice. First in English, and then in Hindi. Charts are drawn as boxes in the English section, and as diamonds in the Hindi sections, which makes for an interesting contrast.

Conclusions are summarized on the back cover. Here is the beginning, the vocabulary will tell you what you're up against:

The study was conducted on 218 charts. In all cases marriage had taken place and the date of marriage and other data has been given along with the result of applying the parameters of the charts.

The results of the research have been tabulated for the parameters from P1 to P8 below. It was noted that

  • Parameter 1 [Connection of vimshottari mahadasha, antardasha lords with lagna or 7H or lagna lord or 7L of D1/D9 or planets associated with them] applied to all the cases (100%).
  • Parameter 2 [Chara antar dasha making a connection with darakarak, darakarak navamsha, dara pada, up-pada lagna, or 7th lord of D1 or D9] applied to 210 charts (96%).
  • Parameter 3 [Transiting Jupiter's aspects on Vivah Shaham] applied to 167 cases (77%).
  • Parameter 4 [The Saturn & Jupiter activating lagna, 7H, lagna lord, 7th lord] applied to 186 cases (85%)


Vani Publications, 120 pages.

THE DREKKANA - edited by A.K. Gour, $30.00


Preface - A.K. Gour
Foreword - K.N. Rao

Section 1:
Introduction - A.K. Gour
1. Drekkana - general
2. Divisional horoscopes (Varga charts)
3. The drekkana
4. Drekkana & navamsha

Section 2:
1. Drekkana & nature, by R.S. Panwar
2. Drekkana & yoga, by R.S. Panwar
3. Birth chart, drekkana & navamsha, by Avinash Verma
4. Astrology of profession through drekkan swaroop, by Dr. (Mrs.) S.R. Mishra
5. Drekkana & relationship with siblings, by Ms. Preity Dewedi
6. Drekkana & disease, by Ms. Meera Srivastva
7. Drekkana past & the future birth, by C.N. Ghosh
8. Drekkana & Yatra, by A.K. Gour
9. Varanasi drekkana & karmaphala, by A.K. Gour, Dr. (Mrs.) S.R. Mishra & R.S. Panwar

Appendix: The seven divisional charts: Hora/Speculum of hora, Drekkana, Chaturthamsha, Saptamsha, Navamsha, Dashamsha

Comment: From the back cover:

Divisional charts, the unique gift of Hindu Sages & Rishis, are not only being taught but are increasingly being used in teaching & research at the largest astrology teaching centre in the world, at the Bhartiya Vidhya Bhawan, New Delhi.

Drekkana - The one-third division of rashi is an important divisional chart. Maharishi Prashar has assigned 4 Vimshopak Bala points to this chart, the Natal chart gets 6 and the Navamsha get 5, in the 20 points allocated to the Shadvargas. It is also important to mention that Maharishi Prashar decreed thast all predictions be given after analysing the Shadvargas.

This exhaustive treatise on Drekkana has been laid out in two parts. In Section 1 the treatise covers all the available data on the Drekkana as given in the classics.

The treatise in the next step deals with the Drekkana lordships, the 36 drekkanas & their "Swaroop" (description of the imagined pictorial identity), the categorization of Drekkanas by their nature (Ayudh, Pakshi, Chatuspad etc.), Drekkanas & the body parts. The results of planets in the Drekkanas & Navamsha of another planet have been collated from the classics.

The attempt has been made to collect all the details about this Divisional chart in one place.

The applicability of this divisional chart, to fine-tune have been explained in the different chapters of Section 2.

Vani Publications, 227 pages.

See also
Books by students of K.N. Rao, page 1
Books by students of K.N. Rao, page 2
Books by students of K.N. Rao, page 3

Books by K.N. Rao himself.

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